North Africa a Green Hydrogen Gateway to Europe
There is a high potential for bilateral trade between Europe and Africa in decades to come and could become more interdependent. If this is workable, North African countries could be the early adopters to supply green hydrogen to Europe because of their proximity, existing trade relations, and resource potential.
The current hydrogen market is carbon-intensive. This could be an opportunity for policymakers and investors to develop national strategies and reduce emissions for hydrogen’s future production based on clean, renewable energy sources such as wind or solar power.
Hydrogen will be indispensable for transport and storage and Europe’s energy systems might depend on variable renewable by 2050. Europe will not be able to produce all its renewable energy internally due to its high population density and limited size. Thus, a large amount of hydrogen required will be imported.
IRENA’s renewable energy roadmap for Africa 2030 indicates a workable expansion capacity of 70 gigawatts of wind and 50 gigawatts of concentrated solar power and PV in North Africa. As the market progresses, new pipelines to transport green hydrogen from North Africa to Europe can be substituted for old ones.
A merged hydrogen economy between Europe and North Africa can help build a European energy system in the following ways:
1. There'll be 50% renewable electricity and 50% green hydrogen by 2050.
2. Hydrogen boost will lead to lower electricity production cost from wind power to approximately €10-20 per MWh at sites with wind resources throughout North Africa before 2030.
3. Hydrogen can be imported from North Africa by pipeline, which is cheaper than imports by ship.
4. It will create economic growth, future-oriented jobs, and social stability in North African countries (eg Morocco, Egypt, South Africa, Namibia)
Morocco could benefit both Africa and Europe due to its green hydrogen potential, creating an energy bridge between the two continents. It is representing the largest announced green hydrogen and green ammonia project in the region. With an estimated investment value of over $850 million, the project’s construction will be undertaken in phases, with the first phase commencing in 2022. Upon full completion, the facility will produce 183,000 tons of green ammonia and eliminate 280,000 tons of carbon dioxide annually. The two parties will actively pursue green hydrogen studies and explore policy instruments to engage the private sector at a national level in the green hydrogen economy.
Join us in this event as we discuss the latest market and technology developments of green hydrogen in Africa.
Event Name: 3rd Edition Green Hydrogen Forum
Event Date: 22nd-23rd November 2022
To register or learn more about the Forum please check here: