Enabling Infrastructure for Hydrogen Production and Export at Scale
Laying down policy is useful because it lays a foundation for innovation. Physical infrastructure is essential for new technologies to move down the cost curve, but it can be expensive for any single actor to build this infrastructure alone.
Building infrastructure early can help with an essential problem faced by climate technologies. Governments are recognizing hydrogen’s ability to decarbonize sectors that are otherwise impossible or difficult to abate such as intensive personal or collective transport, freight logistics, industrial heating, and industry feedstock and its role in energy security. Meanwhile, industry leaders across the automotive, chemicals, oil and gas, and heating sectors look to low-carbon hydrogen as a serious alternative to reach their large sustainability objectives.
How do we scale up the technology rapidly to bring down costs?
1. Scaling up production and distribution value chain
Scaling up the production and distribution of hydrogen and the manufacturing of system components can be the biggest driver of cost reduction. This will deliver significant cost reductions before any extra impact from technological breakthroughs is considered.
2. Scaling up the supply chain for non-transport applications
Delivered low-carbon hydrogen costs are expected to drop drastically over the next decade and will account for up to 90% of the total drop in total cost of ownership from 2020 to 2030 across applications with shorter supply chains. Lower production and distribution costs will both contribute to lowered delivered hydrogen costs.
3. Scaling up manufacturing for transport applications
Scaling up manufacturing is another way to reduce costs which is up to 70% for many hydrogen transport applications where costs of end-use equipment comprise a large component of the total cost of ownership (e.g. fuel cells and tanks in transportation).
Where infrastructure investment should be prioritized:
1. In heating for buildings and industry, financing the cost difference between hydrogen and natural gas and investments to build or repurpose the first gas pipeline networks for hydrogen will amount to USD 17 billion by 2030.
2. In transport, the refueling and distribution networks required and the cost differential for fuel cells and hydrogen tanks compared with low-carbon alternatives imply an additional required investment of USD 30 billion to cover the economic gap.
3. In production, achieving competitive renewable hydrogen from electrolysis requires the deployment of aggregated 70 GW of electrolyzer capacity, with an implied cumulative funding gap with grey production of USD 20 billion. Beyond 2030, after reaching economic competitiveness, the cost of renewable hydrogen will further decrease.
We invite you to join us at our next forum as you'll learn from experts from different sectors in the industry who will share their vision of this sector and its potential for a greener world and also explore ways to develop markets and secure investment for green hydrogen technologies, as well as new opportunities for industrial uses.
Event Name: 3rd Edition Green Hydrogen Forum
Event Date: 22nd-23rd November 2022
To register or learn more about the Forum please check here: